Obesity

Obesity  refers to high body fat. It is different from overweight. Obesity increases the risk of diabetes, stroke, other cardiovascular diseases, arthritis and cancer. Obesity occurs due to intake of high fat foods, decreased or no physical activity, genetic makeup, smoking, dysfunction of metabolic activity, lack of sleep, medications that make patients put on weight and many more. Metabolic and bariatric surgeries are usually performed to control diabetes in obese people.