The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.
Prediabetes implies that your glucose level is higher than ordinary however not yet sufficiently high to be Type 2 diabetes. Without making any changes to the existing lifestyle, individuals with prediabetes are probably going to advance to Type 2 diabetes. In case of you, having prediabetes, the long-term harm of the condition particularly to your heart, veins and kidneys could now be beginning. Movement from prediabetes to Type 2 diabetes isn't inescapable. Eating solid food, joining physical movement in your everyday routine and keeping up a healthy balanced weight can help take your glucose level back to ordinary. Prediabetes influences grown-ups and youngsters.
- Track 1-1Heart and Diabetes Risk
- Track 1-2Impaired Glucose Tolerance
- Track 1-3Prediabetes Diagnosed
- Track 1-4Prediabetes ans Treatments
Obesity refers to high body fat. It is different from overweight. Obesity increases the risk of diabetes, stroke, other cardiovascular diseases, arthritis and cancer. Obesity occurs due to intake of high fat foods, decreased or no physical activity, genetic makeup, smoking, dysfunction of metabolic activity, lack of sleep, medications that make patients put on weight and many more. Metabolic and bariatric surgeries are usually performed to control diabetes in obese people.
- Track 2-1Eating Disorders of Obesity
- Track 2-2Etiology of obesity
- Track 2-3Juvenile Obesity
- Track 2-4Teenage Obesity
- Track 2-5Obesity and Pregnancy
- Track 2-6Obesity in Men
Type 1 diabetes is a serious type of condition. It is also known as insulin-dependent diabetes. It's occasionally called "adolescent" diabetes, since Type 1 diabetes occurs more often in kids and young people. However, it can occur at any age. It is an autoimmune disease because the body’s immune system attacks its own pancreas and destroys its islet cells. These cells are responsible for producing insulin and maintaining the blood sugar levels in the body. Without insulin, the high sugars in the blood can damage eyes, nerves, heart, kidneys and other parts of the body.
In type 2 diabetes, the individual can produce insulin but is unable to utilize it for maintaining the blood sugar levels. This is termed as “insulin resistance”. This condition could arise due to genes, obesity, metabolic syndrome, improper functioning of bets cells, bad communication between cells, family history etc. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease associated with a shorter life expectancy because of high risk of cardiovascular diseases, amputations, blindness, dementia, and kidney failures.
The endocrine system is a one of a kind of system that handles body works which happen much slower, for example, the development of cells, organs, and digestion. Endocrine system keeps the body's hormones and emission levels in balanced state. When one organ or gland doesn’t function properly, it apparently puts a heavy strain on the other. This is the thing that happens when the Pancreas stop producing Insulin and a man gets Type 1 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an immune system disorder where some other part of the body's system affects pancreatic cells, preventing them from producing insulin. Other endocrine glands include thyroid, pituitary, adrenal and pineal.
Gestational diabetes happens only during pregnancy. This is because, during pregnancy, the placenta makes hormones which can lead to high sugar levels in the blood. Generally, to normalize the high blood sugar levels, the pancreas produces enough insulin. But, if the insulin production is deficient or improper, then it could lead to high sugar levels in the blood of a pregnant, thereby leading to gestational diabetes. Risk factors include family history of having diabetes, overweight before getting pregnant, PCOS, case history of gestational diabetes etc. It can be treated with a low carb diet, physical fitness and insulin injections.
Individuals with diabetes can have an eye ailment called diabetic retinopathy. This is when high glucose levels cause damage to the veins in the retina leading to swelling and leaky veins. These veins can thereby close, preventing blood from passing through them. This phenomenon is termed as “Macular ischemia” which is a form of non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Sometimes, the retina has growth of new exudates on it which can cause visual damage. If new blood vessels grow in retina, the condition is called proliferative diabetic retinopathy. This type of retinopathy is serious and can cause visual impairment both on the CNS and PNS.
The condition involving accumulation of liquid in the macula is termed as Diabetic Macular Edema. Macula is a portion of the retina that controls point by point vision capacities because of spilling veins. In order to develop DME, you should first have diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a sickness that harms the veins in the retina, bringing about vision disability. Left untreated, these veins start to develop pressure in the eye and release liquid, causing DME. DME is of two types: Focal DME and Diffuse DME. Focal DME occurs due to abnormalities in retinal blood vessels, whereas, Diffuse DME occurs due to swelling of retinal capillaries.
Diabetic neuropathy involves damage to nerves because of the presence of high glucose levels in the blood for a prolonged period. Peripheral, focal, autonomic and proximal neuropathy are the different types of diabetic neuropathy. There is perhaps no cure for it, but treatments are available to control the condition. Diabetic neuropathy is diagnosed by performing clinical exams. Nerve conduction studies, electromyography and other nervous system function tests may be done for detection. Approximately 50% of the diabetes patients are diagnosed with atleast one form of neuropathy.
Diet and physical fitness are imperative parts of a sound way of life when you have diabetes. Alongside different advantages, following a healthy balanced diet and being dynamic can enable you to keep your blood glucose level in your objective range. To deal with your blood glucose, you must adjust with what you eat and drink along with physical movement and medications. The quantity and quality of food that you eat, and when you eat are extremely vital in keeping your blood glucose level in the range that your healthcare professional suggests.
Confined human islets are rare and valuable material for diabetes research. It is difficult to get them from patients with specific genotypes. An alternative to this could be the use of human pluripotent stem cells. These pluripotent stem cells can be produced from any person's somatic cells and differentiated into pancreatic cells. At present, this approach is restricted by the immaturity of the islet-like cells derived from stem cells. Furthermore, genome editing utilizes the CRISPR/Cas9 innovation which gives effective potential outcomes to consider the effect of particular genotypes. A similar innovation can likewise be utilized for transcriptional direction with a specific end goal to enhance the useful development of undeveloped cell determined islets. These devices are today getting to be plainly accessible for tomorrow's translational diabetes research.
Allo-transplantation and Auto-transplantation are the two types of pancreatic islet cell transplantation. Allo transplantation is a method where islets from pancreas of a deceased donor are purified and transferred to another person. This procedure is performed in certain patients with type 1 diabetes whose glucose levels in the blood are difficult to control. The aim of such transplantation is to normalize blood glucose levels with or without insulin injections and to eliminate unawareness of hypoglycaemia. Auto transplantation is performed by surgical removal of the entire pancreas, followed by purification of the islets and infusion into the patients’ liver.
Curing diabetes through metabolic or bariatric surgeries have been remarkable and developmental for chronic and irreversible conditions. These types of surgeries can normalize blood glucose levels and allow discontinuation of therapies which involve the use of insulin. The best known metabolic surgery is Gastric Bypass. Other established procedures include Gastric band, Biliopancreatic diversion, Vertical Sleeve Gastrectomy, Ilial Interposition and Duodenojejunal Bypass, Intraluminal Duodenal Sleeve etc.
People with diabetes might have to deal with short and long-term complications such as hypoglycaemia diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state (HHS), retinopathy, nephropathy, neuropathy and cardiovascular diseases, problems affecting skin, oral and dental complications, increased risk for certain infections, sexual functioning issues and depression.
A clinical trial is an approach to precisely test another medication or gadget in patients before it is endorsed by the FDA to be utilized in public. Clinical trials are an important and critical step in our having the capacity to have new medications for diabetes and other varied conditions. A case study is a methodology and a strategy that investigates a phenomenon with its real-life context. Case studies and clinical trials are used to develop or assess the quality of the medications being developed.
Public health protects and promotes the health of the people where they live. Public health professionals aim to prevent people living in communities from falling ill and create awareness among them to encourage healthy atmosphere. Vaccinating children to avoid spread of disease, educating them in terms of risk factors and preventive measures, developing nutritional programs etc are carried out by people in public health departments. They also shed light on why few communities of people are more prone to a disease than others.